On November 8th. I received a call from a Saskatoon  collector she asked me to come over and see the banks she had picked up from  various locations.  On November 9th. 2016  I visited  her home to view the banks being offered for sale.  I purchased 19 more banks for the collection at prices that were fair.  There was a mixture of cast iron mechanical (r)  , Disney, Reliable, O. Japan and many others.  Over the next few months I will do up some pictures and put them on the site.  With the election over (no I did not win) it is time to focus on adding banks to the web site as soon as I catch up on everything else that was put of hold during my run for local Government.    Thanks for visiting.    Y ‘ All come back soon   Mark











Owls are birds from the order Strigiformes, which includes about 200 species of mostly solitary and nocturnal birds of prey typified by an upright stance, a large, broad head,  binocular vision, binaural hearing,  sharp talons and feathers adapted for silent flight.   As far back as I care to remember the OWL has always been known as a WISE bird.  More on that subject when I fully research how it became known as a wise bird and portrayed  as such.   The group of Owl Banks in our collection form an interesting look into big piercing  eyes of this majestic creature.    Thank you for your interest in BANKCOLLECTORMARK.COM should you have any reason to contact us we may be reached at BANKCOLLECTORMARK@AOL.COM.


Maneki Neko COLORS




photo (21)

Maneki  Neko  COLORS and what they mean:

WHITE cats beckon for purity & creativity.  [Per Feng Shui, may  be associated  with children.]

RED cats welcome good health & are also said to be able to exorcise evil spirits.   [Per Feng Shui, they may attract fame or recognition.]

GRAY cats support safe and enjoyable travel & attract helpful people.

PINK cats may invite or promote love, relationships, & good marriages.

YELLOW cats beckon for good health, stability, & good marriages.

PURPLE cats promote prosperity.  Also wealth, lifestyle, & opportunity.

BLACK cats bring protection from evil.  (Some Japanese ladies carry them for  protection against muggers) [Per Feng Shui they may also attract career success.]

BLUE cats promote intelligence and academic success wisdom and career success

GREEN cats represent family, community, & elders.

GOLD cats bring money & wealth.



You will notice at the end of each write up there is a capital letter indicating where the bank is  located  :

Blue “B ”  =  Basement

Yellow  “Y”  = Upstairs

Green  “G”   =  Garage

Red   “R”   = Various Locations (Marks Favorites )

Now these capital letters may be followed by a number to indicate which shelf or display case the bank is found.  Now you know.

Coin Banks

Piggy bank (sometimes penny bank or money box) is the traditional name of a coin container usually used by children. The piggy bank is known to collectors as a “still bank” as opposed to the ” mechanical banks ” popular in the early 20th century. These items are also often used by corporations for promotional purposes. The use of the name ‘piggy bank’ gave rise to its widely-recognized ‘pig’ shape, and many financial services companies use piggy banks as logos for their savings products.  They are made of many materials,  painted and serve as a pedagogical device to teach the rudiments of  saving  to children; money can be easily inserted in the coin slot.   Many piggy banks have a rubber plug in the coin release  located on the underside.    Some piggy banks have no opening besides the slot for inserting coins, which will lead to smashing the piggy bank with a hammer or by other means, to obtain the money within.

Wheaton Industries


Private Company
Incorporated: October 24, 1888 as T. C. Wheaton and Co.; 1971, as Wheaton Industries
SICs: 3221 Glass Containers; 3229 Pressed & Blown Glass & Glassware; 3085 Plastic Bottles; 3089 Plastics Products, Nec; 3559 Special Industry Machinery, Nec; 6719 Holding Companies, Nec

With origins in glass production dating to 1888, Wheaton Industries is known as the largest family-owned producer of glassware in the world. From furnishing laboratory glassware, the company moved into design and production of general laboratory supplies and innovative research equipment ranging from centrifuges to micro-processor controlled bioreactors. With the rise of plastics in the 1950s, the company developed and built the world’s first commercial injection blow molding (OEM) machine for plastic, revolutionizing the packaging industry and expanding markets in cosmetics and pharmaceutical packaging. Wheaton Plastic Containers eventually specialized in package and graphics design, engineering and package modeling, and mold design and production.

Wheaton Industries survived a stormy beginning. Construction of a new glass factory in Millville, New Jersey, under the ownership of two entrepreneurs, Mr. Shull and Mr. Goodwin, was delayed by the devastating East Coast blizzard of 1888. When operations finally got underway, the partners fell behind schedule in production of the glass tubing needed to supply their lamp room. In addition, they were losing market share to Western glass companies prospering under more advantageous fuel costs, easier access to raw materials, and a superior transportation network. In a campaign to raise much-needed capital, the fledgling company borrowed $3,000 from a local pharmacist and physician, Dr. T. C. Wheaton. Attempting to salvage his investment, Dr. Wheaton participated in company planning. His involvement grew rapidly, and on October 24, 1888, he purchased controlling interest in the firm, thereby founding T. C. Wheaton and Co.

The new company grew rapidly to reflect the medical interests of its founder, specializing in homeopathic and screw-cap vials used by scientific laboratories, chemists, perfumers, pharmacists, and physicians. Within a year, a new lamp room had been constructed alongside the factory. It accommodated 13 glass workers, as well as room for sorting, cutting, inspecting, and packing the tubing. In addition, a new shop was constructed for the manufacture of prescription bottles. Presses were designed to supply matching stoppers and other solid ware. Nursing bottles, breast pump glasses, and other druggist supplies were added to the Wheaton line.

In addition to the usual risks of starting a new company, Dr. Wheaton had to contend with fire hazards typical of the glass industry. On November 24, 1889, six of the original factory buildings were lost to the first of numerous fires over the years. Other major fires occurred in 1908, 1912, and 1925.                                         By June of 1890, Dr. Wheaton had discontinued his private medical practice in order to focus all his energies on developing the glass business.

In 1892, Dr. Wheaton gambled on substantial growth by investing $10,000 in a plot of land surrounding the existing factory. By 1894, the number two furnace was operational, and in 1896, $14,000 was invested in 12 pot furnaces and a new building constituting the number three factory. These additions were designed to employ approximately 250 new workers and to double production capacity.   Expanding business required new staff, for which Dr. Wheaton had cultivated two outstanding candidates: his two sons.

The post-World War I era marked substantial expansion. Additions to the plant included a new etching facility for perfumery ware, a metal and concrete warehouse for storing chemicals, a new mold room and batch house, sheds for grinding, and other improvements. After a debilitating fire in June of 1925 and the death of Dr. Wheaton’s brother, Walter Scott Wheaton, company growth continued unhindered. The company acquired Millville Bottle Works in 1926, gaining its competitor’s proprietary line of prescription and medicine bottles and laboratory ware, and establishing T. C. Wheaton Co. as a major player in the laboratory glassware business.  On September 7, 1931, Dr. T. C. Wheaton died, leaving the post of president and chair of the board to Frank H. Wheaton, Sr. That same year, Frank Wheaton, Jr., departed for the Boston University School of Business where he passed a shortened tenure before returning to the family business to work his way up the company ladder from batch mixing assistant to truck driver’s helper and, before too long, to manager and ultimately president.

Frank Jr.’s reputation as “New Idea Man,” was reinforced by his introduction of automated glass production in the late 1930s. Earlier in that decade, he helped introduce handmade borosilicate glass tubes for select pharmaceuticals (borosilicate glass could be molded into long, narrow tubes without collapsing like standard soda-lime glass). For a short time, the company successfully sold handmade serum containers to Eli Lilly, Parke-Davis, and other pharmaceutical companies.

World War II brought a flood of needs that, paired with shortages in iron and steel, prompted innovation and diversification of Wheaton products. On the medical and laboratory front, the company supplied products for the blood serum program, serum containers, Halazone containers (used to purify water on the battlefield), and a wide variety of scientific glassware. Experimentation in material substitutes showed that glass could be used in the place of metal, sometimes with unexpected advantages. Wheaton No-Sol-Vit glass was ground to machinery tolerances and fashioned into three types of glass gages: ring gages, tri-lock gages, and taper lock plug blanks. Glass also replaced metal in many electronic applications, for which Wheaton developed water-resistant glass-to-metal seals sold under the Tronex trademark. The seals were especially useful in radio equipment vulnerable in water-prone combat situations.

At the close of the war, the glass industry saw tremendous surge in demand for new molds and new glass containers on the domestic front. In 1947, under the driving influence of Frank Wheaton, Jr., the Wheaton third generation established a new company, Wheaton Glass Company, designed to function separately but in tandem with the older company. For its initial year and a half, Wheaton Glass manufactured only type I (Borosilicate) glass, due to extremely high demand in the market. Afterwards, the new company shifted to long-run soda lime items.

The 1950s saw the rise of industrial plastic, which was quickly exploited by Wheaton and other companies as a powerful packaging medium. In 1953, Frank Wheaton, Jr., designed a new container for those aerosol products that were chemically incompatible with metal canisters. His solution involved a glass container coated with a polymer product, polyvinyl chloride, manufactured by the Goodrich Company. The result was a nonvolatile, break-resistant container that launched a new company line, Wheaton Plasti-Cote. The company also developed a small injection molding machine to make plastic snap caps, which, along with Plasti-Cote items marked the first products of the Wheaton Plastics Company.

Despite the rapid speed of change in the 1970s, two developments helped define Wheaton as a unified organization with a distinct place in history. The first development was the 1971 formation of Wheaton Industries, which was thereafter considered the parent company of its numerous divisions. The second development was the 1976 dedication of Wheaton Village, a periodized rendition of the original 1888 glassworks, complete with one of the finest glass museums in the United States. The historical park was the result of careful planning and funding on the part of Frank H. Wheaton, Jr., and associates. In 1968, Mr. Wheaton had helped found the Wheaton Historical Association as the first step in researching the town’s past and organizing historical resources. In 1984, the Creative Glass Center of America, an organization working in concert with Wheaton Village, started a fellowship program to select and fund contemporary artists to stay in the vintage glass making facilities and use the resources to innovate. The primary objective was to mix old traditions with new art forms, and to expand the costly facilities beyond the scope of traditional, and less experimental, paperweight making.

Wheaton Glass Company completely renovated its Plant I in 1987, installing all the capabilities for advanced glass production that had been lost in the Carolina Glass Works.

The 1980s also marked various milestones in Wheaton’s long history. On March 16, 1981, the company celebrated the 100th birthday of Frank Wheaton, Sr. Then in September of 1988, the company celebrated its own centennial, attended by former president Gerald R. Ford and New Jersey Governor Thomas H. Kean, among roughly 7,000 others.







These shelves hold about 25% of my collection and will all be separated photographed and logged onto this site.  A small task that should not take any longer that a year or two.  I am doing the rough entry and then the web page expert will come in and dress the site up and organize the banks into some sense of order.  Input first then add the bells and whistles.  Please come back often and see the site grow.   Send me an e mail if you have any ideas or maybe a bank you want to give to a good home.    BANKCOLLECTORMARK@AOL.COM

Penny Count




During my early years of collecting I use to have a policy that I would not buy another bank until the last purchase was full of coins.  After a few years of this I found a toll being taken on my display shelves as they bowed to the weight.  Plus I was constantly breaking my own rule and buying more banks.   So I decided to stop filling the banks and now the collection is mostly empty except for a few coins in each bank as I feel it is bad luck to have an empty bank.  The banks with stoppers were emptied into five gallon pails and then roll by my aging mother as she was board and wanted something to do.  When all was said and done she had rolled over  S1800.00 in pennies ( I also keep another 50,000 pennies as could not bear to watch them disappear forever )  I took the silver to the coin counter at the bank (no charge to use for customers) and walked away with over $5000.00 dollars more.  The banks that still have pennies in them are ones without coin release holes that must be emptied through  the slot slowly so as not to damage the banks.  Once this is done a few pennies are put back into the bank and it is put back on the shelf.  The pennies are then counted and noted on this site.  If there is no penny count that means the bank has not been filled at the time of entering to this site and will not be filled to get penny count.  Please note my counts are only what I had placed in the bank(s) what others are able to fit into the same bank may be different  Thanks for reading hope you enjoy this site.  Please come back often as things are always being added.  The banks pictured above still need to be put on site and are only some of the collection.  I expect the logging in of the full collection at the pace I am going will take over three years without help … Yes I am up to the task.

The Walt Disney Company

The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney, is an American diversified[2]:1 multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California. It is the world’s second largest media conglomerate in terms of revenue, after Comcast.[3] Disney was founded on October 16, 1923, by Walt Disney and Roy O. Disney as the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio, and established itself as a leader in the American animation industry before diversifying into live-action film production, television, and theme parks. The company also operated under the names The Walt Disney Studio, then Walt Disney Productions. Taking on its current name in 1986

Disney banks are so popular and come in many different shapes forms and materials that once organized will have their own area in the Virtual Museum as it has in my collection.  The bank numbers are so vast that Disney related banks have their own display shelf in my collection.   The vast number of Disney Characters that have been created over the years has manufacturers begging to be able to supply the company with all types of collectables including  a wide range of Banks.  I have glass Disney banks and many Plastic and resin banks even some cast banks as well as Tin Litho.  It seems everyone wants  to put Disney Characters on their products of design the item as the Character.  Anyone who has been to the Theme Parks will attest to all the items in the gift shops and then there are the Disney Stores  in malls all over North America.  Too many Disney banks out there ? …NAW there are never enough banks out in the world.

J. Chein & Company

J. Chein & Company was an American toy manufacturer in business from 1903 through the 1980s. It is best remembered today for its mechanical toys made from stamped and lithographed tin produced from the 1930s through the 1950s.

Founded by Julius Chein in a loft in New York City, Chein’s earliest toy production was a line of premiums for the Cracker Jacks snack line. The American Can Company provided the lithographic printing for Chein’s early output until 1907 when Chein opened their own full production plant in Harrison, New Jersey. With their new facilities, they were able to produce piggy banks, noisemakers and model horse-drawn carriages. They also manufactured a number of toys under license from such companies as King Features Syndicate and Walt Disney Productions, producing Popeye, Felix the Cat and various Disney character toys.

In the 1920s and early-1930s, Chein produced a popular line of toy trucks under the “Hercules” name, rather than their own name. They heavily exploited the toy vehicle market with a wide range of toy boats and wheeled vehicles. They also produced many noisemakers such as tambourines and rattles. Walking, crawling or jumping figural wind-up toys became a mainstay; their coin banks were also consistently popular.

In 1926, Julius Chein was killed in a horse-riding accident in Central Park. Control of the company passed to Chein’s widow who then turned the management of it over to her brother, Samuel Hoffman, who was already the founder and CEO of the rival Mohawk Toy Company. Under Hoffman’s direction, J. Chein & Company expanded and prospered, producing many increasingly complicated mechanical toys. They had particular success with circus and amusement park-themed toys such as roller coasters, Ferris wheels and carousels. These toys command high interest from collectors today and are considered prime examples from the “golden age of toys”.

During World War II, J. Chein & Company suspended toy production, instead producing nosecones and tail units for bombs and casings for incendiary devices. After the War, Chein returned to toy production with considerable success. However, as the 1940s drew to a close, they encountered increasing competition from Japanese manufacturers who produced mechanical tin toys for lower prices.

To become more competitive, Chein moved to a 75,000-square-foot (7,000 m2) factory in Burlington, New Jersey, where they employed a staff of as many as 600 workers. Their primary retailer was F. W. Woolworth Company. While this provided Chein with a steady demand and often healthy cashflow, it also meant that Woolworth’s changing fortunes heavily affected them. In the late-1950s and early-1960s, as Woolworth’s began to offer more inexpensive plastic toys, Chein was faced with the dilemma of competing with plastic toys that could not only be produced more cheaply, but could more easily incorporate electronics.

In the mid-1960s, Hoffman retired. Soon thereafter, the United States Government began to regulate the toy industry, in particular, the dangers posed by the sharp edges of metal toys. Stamped metal toy manufacturers were required to comply with federal regulations. Consequently, most U.S. tin toy manufacturers abandoned the material in favor of more easily compliant plastic and soft materials. Chein’s management did not believe that plastic toys were as durable as metal toys, and the cost of retooling their tin toys to meet federal regulations was cost-prohibitive, so they phased out their tin toy manufacturing and diversified into other markets. Chein acquired the Learning Aids Group and its lines of educational materials, as well as its Renwal Plastics division. Renwal produced the successful series of anatomical kits that included “The Visible Man”, “Visible Woman”, “Visible Head” and “Visible Dog” models, as well as scale model vehicle kits.

One of the final original Chein toy products, and one of its most complicated, was the electromechanical “Piano Lodeon”, a child-sized player piano. It utilized a combination of plastic and tin, and a mechanism that used spooled rolls of punched paper with well-known songs programmed onto them. A total of approximately 50 tunes were available. The piano’s keyboard was actuated by a vacuum produced by an electric fan, with a rubber tube connecting each key with a corresponding hole in the front of the piano’s housing. When a hole punched in the paper passed over one of these holes, it caused the correct key to strike tuned tines inside the case, producing the desired tune. The keyboard could also be played manually. The device was never financially successful for Chein due to its complexity, high price and the rise to dominance of purely electronic musical instruments.

In the late-1960s, Chein entered into a licensing agreement to produce “Peanuts” characters, which continued through the early-1970s. In the mid-1970s, Chein sold its Renwal division and focused upon manufacturing lithographed sheet steel housewares such as kitchen canister sets and wastebaskets, under the brand Cheinco. They also produced licensed metal containers for food brands such as Heinz, Sunkist and Maxwell House. In 1979, toy manufacturing was phased out entirely. In the late-1980s, Cheinco was sold to the Atlantic Can Company, who then changed its name to Atlantic Cheinco Corporation. The company was beset with manufacturing problems resulting from environmental issues which in 1992 resulted in them filing for bankruptcy protection. Atlantic Cheinco’s assets were then purchased by Ellisco ofPennsylvania, which was a division of CSS Industries. In 1994, CSS then sold Ellisco to the Baltimore-based U.S. Can Company, who continue to produce stamped metal products.

Bartlett-Collins Glass Company


Bartlett-Collins was started in 1914 in Oklahoma when Bartlett, an Oklahoma oil man, teamed up with Collins, an East Coast glass man. Together they formed Bartlett -Collins. The company was noted for its hand-pressed and blown tableware, stemware, and kitchenware. In addition they produced an assortment of kitchen lamps. . They started by making utilitarian wares and by the 1930’s were making stemware in color. They made all this by hand!!! Their glass came in a variety of colors including pink, green and amber.(1)

Lancaster Colony (parent company of Indiana Glass) purchased the Bartlett-Collins Glass factory in the early 1980’s. (Some documents say 1981, others say 1983.) Barlett – Collins made mold blown glass items for Indiana Glass and Tiara Exclusives. Their specialty items include enameled drinking glasses and mugs, florist vases and candle holders. All of the items made at the Bartlett-Collins factory have a sticker on the bottom bearing the Indiana Glass name. The very popular enameled Christmas glasses were not made by Indiana Glass even though they came in a box marked Indiana Glass. They were made by Bartlett-Collins.

Indiana Glass made pressed glass. Pressed glass has seams. If you have an item marked Indiana Glass and it has no seams, more than likely it was made by Bartlett – Collins. Also, the stickers used by Bartlett – Collins say Indiana Glass Co, A Lancaster Colony Co., Cincinnati, Ohio. If your item bears this Cincinnati sticker, it is a Bartlett – Collins product.(2)

Anchor Hocking

Founded in 1905, Anchor Hocking is a leading marketer and manufacturer of a comprehensive line of glass products including beverageware, candle containers, servingware, ovenware, storageware, lighting components and other glass products sold under various brand names or as customized solutions for private label lines. Anchor Hocking is the second largest supplier of glassware in the United States. Its glassware products cross all price points through the retail, specialty (business-to-business), and hospitality channels. 

Anchor Hocking manufactures substantially all of its products at the company’s facilities in the United States and markets its products internationally. 

Anchor Hocking is a leading designer, marketer and manufacturer of quality consumer products that it sells to retail and hospitality customers and to original equipment manufacturers.



Now before I am taken to task on my valuations and the pictures I use.  First the valuations I give are based on auction , internet sales, antique shops and flea market pricing and books on the subject.  I value every bank in the collection from $5.00 and up after all in 2015 what can $5.00 really buy.   All banks seen on this site I own one or more the pictures may not be of my exact bank as I tend to borrow pictures already on the internet  it is easier than taking them myself.  Please feel free to e mail me with any information on any of these banks I am always willing to learn more facts about bank collecting.   New information will be added to the site as it becomes available.   THANKS  for your visit to my site I hope that you enjoyed looking at the collection as much as I enjoy putting it in the public eye.  MARK



Many banks were brought into North America through Enesco . . . Here is their story.

In 1958, Enesco was the import division for the N. Shure Company. Enesco was founded by its first President, Louis R. “Bob” Miller, Jr. When N. Shure was sold to Butler Brothers, the import division was spun off. The name “Enesco” was an acronym from the N. Shure company, “N S Co”, and phonetically named his company “EnEsCo”.Thereafter, the company was sold three times, and in 1983 became a part of Stanhome, Inc. After separating from Stanhome in 1998, Stanhome immediately collapsed—leaving Enesco with all of Stanhome’s assets.

Enesco is known in its industry for its 25 years of success with the Precious Moments porcelain figurine line of products. Freedman worked with original artist, Sam Butcher, to bring his designs to market. Enesco sales soared throughout the ’70s, ’80s, and ’90s until its peak in 1997. But by 2004, Enesco, Corp. posted an operating loss of $15.7 million US dollars. The sales of Precious Moments items plunged from a high of $206 million in 1996 to $55.7 million in 2004, a drop of $27.5 million from 2003.”Precious Moments revenues represented 22% of consolidated net revenues in 2004 compared to 33% in 2003,” according to Enesco’s 2004-2005 annual report. In 2005 Enesco ended its business partnership and license arrangement with Precious Moments, Inc.

Gene Freedman left Enesco in March 2005, but has been named “Precious Moments Ambassador” by Precious Moments, Inc. There was an extravagant retirement dinner scheduled for him, but it quickly became an employment celebration after PMI’s announcementIn 2006, only a year after the departure of Precious Moments, Enesco’s fourth president,  Cynthia Passmore-McLaughlin (formerly of Revlon) resigned. Enesco’s stocks fell below US $1.00 and was unlisted from the NYSE. After a few months of  over the counter trading, Enesco withdrew its public offering altogether. On January 12, 2007, Enesco filed for  Chapter 11 bankruptcy protectionIn February 2007, Enesco Group, Inc. was purchased by   Tinicum Capital Partners Thus, becoming Enesco, LLC


Before you past judgement on this site.   Please understand that as I obtain banks I have decided to log them onto the site immediately .  The banks that already sit on my display shelves will all get logged in over time.  The entry of all the banks in my collection will take many months to photograph and add brief information on each one.   I  have also decided to start putting removable little stickers on the bottom of each bank and assign them a location which once caught up will allow me to have an accurate location of the banks in the collection at all times.   Be patient watch the site grow and add new features … My goal is in a year this site will be one to check monthly.   Will everything be on the site by then  … Never as we continue to purchase banks there will be in continual input mode on the site.  Please come back often at watch us grow.


Piggy banks get their name from an orange-colored clay called pygg.

Chalkware     is a mainly American term for popular figurines either made of molded  Plaster of Paris   (usually) or sculpted  Gypsum,  and painted, typically with oils or  watercolors.    They were mainly made in one of two periods: the first beginning in the late 18th century and ending by the beginning of the 20th century, the second being during the  Great Depression.   Those made during the first period were more serious decorative art, often imitating the more expensive imported English Staffordshire potteries.  those during the second period were more typically somewhat jocular. Early chalkware was often hollow and can be difficult to find unblemished.

Cast Iron    Carbon (C) and silicon   (Si) are the main alloying elements, with the amount ranging from 2.1–4 wt% and 1–3 wt%, respectively. Iron alloys with less carbon content are known as  steel.

Pottery / Ceramic    Pottery is the ceramic material which makes up potterywares,  of which major types include earthenware, stoneware and porcelain .   The place where such wares are made is also called a pottery (plural “potteries”). Pottery also refers to the art or craft of a potter or the manufacture of pottery.   A dictionary definition is simply objects of fired clays.   Earthenware     These banks are not common, presumably because in many cases the only way to retrieve the coins inside is to destroy the bank.  They can also be very fragile thus prone to breakage.

Glass    The most familiar, and historically the oldest, types of glass are based on the chemical compound silica  (silicon dioxide), the primary constituent of  sand.  The term glass, in popular usage, is often used to refer only to this type of material, which is familiar from use as window glass and in glass bottles. Of the many silica-based glasses that exist, ordinary glazing and container glass is formed from a specific type called soda-lime glass.

Lead     is a soft, malleable and heavy post-transition metal. Metallic lead has a bluish-white color after being freshly cut, but it soon tarnishes to a dull grayish color when exposed to air. Lead has a shiny chrome-silver luster when it is melted into a liquid.

Tin    is the 49th most abundant element and has, with 10 stable isotopes, the largest number of stable isotopes in the periodic table. It is a silvery, malleable other metal that is not easily oxidized in air.     Tin In modern times, tin is used in many alloys, most notably tin/lead soft solders, which are typically 60% or more tin. Another large application for tin is corrosion-resistant tin plating of steel. Because of its low toxicity, tin-plated metal was used for food packaging tin cans.

Bronze     Is an alloy consisting primarily of copper, commonly with about 12% tin and often with the addition of other metals such as aluminium, manganese, nickel or zinc.   These additions produce a range of alloys that may be harder than copper alone, or have other useful properties, such as stiffness, ductility or machinability. The historical period where the archeological record contains many bronze artifacts is known as the Bronze Age.

Because historical pieces were often made of brasses (copper and zinc) and bronzes with different compositions, modern museum and scholarly descriptions of older objects increasingly use the more inclusive term “copper alloy” instead

The first alloy used on a large scale since 3000 BC was bronze, an alloy of tin and copper. After 600 BC, pure metallic tin was produced. Pewter, which is an alloy of 85–90% tin with the remainder commonly consisting of copper, antimony and lead, was used for flatware from the Bronze Age until the 20th century. In modern times, tin is used in many alloys, most notably tin/lead soft solders, which are typically 60% or more tin. Another large application for tin is corrosion-resistant tin plating of steel. Because of its low toxicity, tin-plated metal was used for food packaging as tin cans, which are now made mostly of steel,[citation needed] even though the name is kept in English

Wood      is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants.

It has been used for thousands of years for both fuel and as a construction material. It is an organic material, a natural composite of cellulose fibers (which are strong in tension) embedded in a matrix of lignin which resists compression. Wood is sometimes defined as only the secondary xylem in the stems of trees,[1] or it is defined more broadly to include the same type of tissue elsewhere such as in the roots of trees or shrubs.[citation needed] In a living tree it performs a support function, enabling woody plants to grow large or to stand up by themselves. It also conveys water and nutrients between the leaves, other growing tissues, and the roots. Wood may also refer to other plant materials with comparable properties, and to material engineered from wood, or wood chips or fiber.

Metal alloys    

This is a list of named alloys that are grouped alphabetically by base metal. Within these headings, the alloys are also grouped alphabetically.  


Reliable Toy Company


The company that became the Reliable Toy Company was founded in 1920, with the original name of the Canadian Statuary and Novelty Company. In the beginning, they made plush toys and small novelties in a 500 square foot room on Queen Street in Toronto, Ontario. The original partnership was dissolved in 1922, though operations continued at the same location, establishing a new company under the name Reliable Toy Company. At first the new company relied on importing doll heads from Germany and composition parts from the United States. In about 1922 they began making original dolls on their own

Plastic toys are still being made by the Reliable Toy Company in Toronto, Ontario. After a merger with another long-lasting Canadian toy maker, the Viceroy Manufacturing Company, all toy making was shifted to the Viceroy factory. Some of the toy making processes and machinery that were used to make the toys of the 1940s are still in use at this factory today. While few company records remain, originals or copies of many of the older toy catalogues held by the company have been transferred to the Canadian Museum of Civilization Library.


Today an additional two cabinets were added to display more banks that were stored away in boxes due to lack of shelf space.  My calculation is that each of these two cabinets will hold 200 to 250 banks each.   Additional shelves will have to be added to these cabinets as they came with only three shelves each and with the height of the banks an additional two shelves per cabinet can be added.  I was not very happy that one quarter of the collection was in boxes and was a closet collection.  Collections are not meant to be hidden away but on display to enjoy.  After the boxes are emptied and the shelves loaded it will be time to rearrange the collection by types and themes.   Some banks like cast iron mechanical will be displayed together without regard to themes , Disney banks will be all grouped together without separation due to the materials used to make them.   In the case of Disney it will not matter if they are ceramic, glass, metal or plastic they will all be on display together under the Disney banner.  Another group of banks that will be mixed are actual piggy banks… if the character is a pig it will appear on the pig only shelves.  |Now with electronic mechanical banks they shall be grouped together and all batteries will be removed to preserve the banks and prevent batteries from expiring and leaking in the banks this will include musical banks also.  Bank boxes will be stored  in a dry temp. controlled area so if the collection is ever sold off the boxes will still be available.   It is so hard to believe all the things that must be worked out so that the collection can be displayed in a neat and orderly fashion.

I expect that many hours over the next year will be spent setting the collection up the way I want it displayed and writing a few details about each bank.  Then with all the pictures taken and loaded into the computer we will be able to open the museum to the computer world.

Thanks for your visit we are working behind the scenes to make this site one you will come to often.   Our computer programmer is coming on board and will be designing a fitting program for the museum.  Please come back again.   Mark



banks on a shelf


Welcome to
Greetings my name is Mark Mills. Born in Canada in the 1950’s as an small boy I was given my first bank. At about five years old I was asked what I would like from a gift shop on a family holiday and I picked up a bank.  Those banks from my youth are what started my collection and today they still have more sentimental value then true cash value. After receiving a few more banks in my early years I was hooked. Over the years I searched flea markets, garage sales, and auctions along with used second hand stores. Then along came the internet and the world opened up for buying and collecting world wide .  Now with the aid of computers collecting has become so much easier. The whole world is only a few key strokes away.   I am constantly searching for special banks and those that reflect the area in which they were purchased… a light house from the coast a grain elevator from the west building banks from the east. What started out with just one Bank … grew into a collection far larger then I had ever expected. Before the age of computer I was lucky to buy five banks a month looking at flea markets and having people in the second hand business on the constant search for banks. Now today a few banks every week is common place and if there is a sale or auction happening that may have banks I am able to buy as many as one to a hundred banks in one day. Now with retirement knocking at my door I have decided to feature my collection on a Virtual Museum. Please come back often to see how things are going as this site. It may take years to fully evolve into the interactive site I have planned in my mind. Until I find a computer programmer willing to add all the bells and whistles and easy to use functions this site will remain low key. Contact me at if you have any coin bank stories you would like to share or any banks you would like to donate to the collection. With a very limited budget the hiring of a programmer is not on the horizon but I have one willing to work on the site so he can use it on his portfolio.  He is honing his skills at the University for the next few years. With our discussions on what I would love to see hopefully he will be able to turn my dreams into reality.